Réglementation des barrages au Canada

La réglementation des barrages au Canada est de juridiction provinciale/territoriale comme pour la santé et l’éducation. Contrairement à d’autres pays, le Canada ne possède pas de d’organisme ni de programme de réglementation fédéral très important pour guider l’élaboration d’exigences relatives à la gestion sécuritaire des barrages. L’Association canadienne des barrages (ACB), une organisation bénévole, a été fondée dans les années 1980 pour offrir aux propriétaires de barrages, exploitants, consultants, fournisseurs et organismes gouvernementaux une tribune nationale pour discuter des questions relatives à la sécurité des barrages au Canada. Les Recommandations pour la sécurité du public près des barrages élaborées par l’ACB offrent une base aux organismes de réglementation pour l’évaluation de la sécurité des dans le cadre de leurs compétences respectives.

Province/
Territory

Ministry/
Agency

Contact

Legislation/
Regulation

Regulation

Guidelines
(other than CDA)

~ Number of Dams

British Columbia

Water Supply Dams

Ministry of Forest, Lands & Natural Resource Operations

Water Management Branch

Dam Safety Program

Scott Morgan
Head, Dam Safety
250-387-3265

Water Sustainability Act

Dam Safety-Regulation

Inspection and Maintenance of Dams

Plan Submission Guidelines

Consequence of Failure Classification Guidelines

Compliance and Enforcement Policy

Legislative Dam Safety Review in BC-APEGBC Guidelines

Site Characterization for Dam Foundations in BC-APEGBC Guidelines

1,814 Regulated Dams
 

British Columbia
Mining Dams

Ministry of Energy & Mines

 

Mines Act

Health, Safety & Reclamation Code

Dam Safety Inspection Guidelines

APEGBC Professional Practice Guidelines

Legislative Dam Safety Review in BC-APEGBC Guidelines

118

Alberta

Energy Related Dams

(Water and Tailings Dams)

Alberta Environment and Parks

Javid Iqbal,
Manager Dam Safety
(780) 644 7437

Water Act

Water Ministerial Regulation

Dam Safety Directive (under Review)

1350 Regulated dams

Alberta

Energy Related Dams
(Water and Tailings Dams)

Alberta Energy Regulator

Santiago Paz
Dam Safety Engineer
(780) 642-9124

Water Act

Water Ministerial Regulation

Dam Safety Directive (under Review)

193 regulated dams

Saskatchewan
Water Supply Dams

Water Security Agency

Jody W. Scammell
Director, Dam Safety & Major Structures
(306) 694-7732

Water Security Agency Act/ (1)

No

No

1300 (2)

Saskatchewan
Tailings Dams

Environment

Tim Moulding
Uranium and Northern
Operations
(306) 933-7063

Assessment Act

No

No

15

Manitoba

Manitoba Conservation and Climate

David Hay
A/Director, Drainage and Water Rights Licensing Branch
(204) 945-7096

The Water Rights Act

No

No

570

Ontario
Water Supply Dams
 

Ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines

Joanna Samson
Crown Land Section
(705) 755-5090


Lakes and Rivers Improvement Act (LRIA)


Ontario Regulation 454/96 Construction

LRIA Administrative Guide, Technical Bulletins and Best Management Practices

3300+

Ontario
Tailings Dams
(Reclamation)

Ministry of Northern Development and Mines(3)


(705) 670 5798

Mining Act

No

No

N/A

Québec (Français)
Quebec (English)
Water Supply Dams

Ministère de l'Environnement, et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques
(Français)
(English)

Michel Rhéaume
Directeur de la sécurité
des barrages
(418) 521 3945

Loi sur la sécurité des barrages
(Français)
Dam Safety Act
(English)

Règlement sur la sécurité des barrages
(Français)
Dam Safety Regulation
(English)

Guides, Forms and Maps (French only/Français seulement)

6200+ (11)

Québec (Français)
Quebec (English)
Mining Dams

Ressources naturelles
(Français)
Natural Resources
(English)

Mélanie Turgeon, M.Sc.
Directrice p.i.
Direction de la restauration des sites miniers
418-627-6292, poste5608

La Loi sur
les mines

(Français)
Mining Act
(English)

No

No

N/A

New Brunswick

Environment &
Local Government

Paul Campbell
NBELG
(506) 453-3797

Clean Water Act

No (4)

No

240

Nova Scotia

Environment

Elizabeth Kennedy

(902)424-0332

Environment Act-Regulation

No

No (5)

200

Newfoundland
& Labrador

Department of Municipal Affairs and Environment

Paula V. Dawe
Water Resources Management Division
(709) 729-4048

Water Resources Act(6)

No
(Planned
within 2-5 yrs)

No

>700

Prince Edward Island

Environment,
Energy & Forestry

 (7)
 

No

No

No

N/A

Yukon
Territory

Water Board
Water Resources
Section
 (8)

Glenn Ford
Water Resources Branch
Yukon Environment
(867) 667-3104

Water Act(Yukon)

No

No

21

Northwest
Territories

(9)Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board

Patty Ewaschuk 
(416) 432-6066

Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act
Waters Act - Justice

 

Waters Regulation

No

approximately 100

 

Nunavut

Nunavut Water Board

Joe Murdock
(867) 360 6338

Nunavut Waters&Surface Rights Tribunal Act

No

No

Unknown

Canadian
Federal
Government

Canadian Nuclear
Safety Commission

Dr. Grant Su
Environmental Risk
Assessment Division
(613) 943-9932

Nuclear Safety and Control Act

(10)

No

Various

Over 100
(Uranium
Mining
Related)

Canadian
Federal
Government

Parks Canada
Agency

André Roy
Dam Safety Program
(819) 953-4644

Internal Directive
(self-regulated)

No

Various

Over 225


Notes:

  1. Approvals are required under the Water Security Act in Saskatchewan to construct and operate water storage dams.
  2. The 1300 water storage dams currently identified within Saskatchewan pertains to those having a storage capacity of 40 dam^3 or more. Approximately 8960 dams exist within the province having a volume of 1.0 dam^3 or more.
  3. See LRIA Part 1; Construction, Repair and Use of Dams.
  4. Regulatory enhancements for the life-cycle management of dams is planned within 2 years.
  5. Reclamation of tailings dams only, active tailings dams are regulated by MNR.
  6. Under the Watercourse Alteration Regulation, a permit is required for construction of all new dams or dikes in New Brunswick.
  7. CDA guidelines are the recognized industry standard in Nova Scotia. One of the requirements for obtaining an operating license is to demonstrate compliance with the CDA Guidelines.
  8. Under the Water Resources Act, a permit is required for construction of all new dams or dikes in Newfoundland and Labrador.
  9. Darrell Fisher is a consultant with ADI Limited in Charlottetown, PEI. He does not represent the PEI regulator but is the CDA Board member for PEI.
  10. The Yukon Water Board issues licences for dams that are associated with mining, hydro projects, etc. The Water Resources Section of the Environmental Programs Branch administers the water licences that have been issued by the YWB and provides inspection services.
  11. The Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act (MVRMA) came into being in 1998 as a result of the Gwich'in and Sahtu Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements. The Act created co-management boards for both the Gwich'in and Sahtu settlement areas and it established the Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board (MVLWB). With the signing of the Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement in 2005, the Wekeezhii Land and Water Board was created, and became a regional panel of the MVLWB.
  12. The CNSC also takes into account various other National and Provincial Regulations and Guidelines and International best practices
  13. Number of dams in Quebec that have a height equal or greater than 1 m (fevrier 2020)